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The Air Crew Europe Star

The Air Crew Europe Star

A medal struck by the Royal Mint

The medal fitted with original length of silk 'pinked' riband, and contained in issue greaseproof paper envelope

Condition: About EF

Code: 20943

360.00 GBP

The Air Crew Europe Star

The Air Crew Europe Star

A Royal Mint strike

The medal fitted with its original 'pinked' silk riband and contained in greaseproof packet of issue

Condition: EF

Code: 20942

360.00 GBP

Ghuznee and Cabul Medal 1842. Bronze

Ghuznee and Cabul Medal 1842. Bronze

An un-named, un-marked and un-mounted bronze specimen medal. As struck by the Royal Mint

Note: One identical obverse medal with 4 x different reverse issues were awarded in the series of campaign medals awarded by the Honourable East India Company in respect of services during the 1st Afghan War 1841-42, at Candahar, Ghuznee & Caul, vis; Candahar 1842; Cabul 1842; Ghuznee Cabul 1842. Separate differently designed campaign medals were awarded for Ghuznee 1839, Jellalabad 1841-42 & Defence of Kelat-iGhilzie 1842

The medal with reverse 'Ghuznee & Cabul 1842', is the rarest issue in the four medal series for Candahar, Ghuznee & Cabul 1841-42. With only an estimated 360 x medals issued to European recipients and 1163 medals awarded to native recipients (Reference 'British Battles & Medals' (Sixth Edition, Spink, 2007)

A scarce seen bronze trial piece

Condition: GVF

Code: 20941


Crimea Medal 1854-56. With clasp 'Alma' (Major. A. Willett. 17th Lancers.)

Crimea Medal 1854-56. With clasp 'Alma' (Major. A. Willett. 17th Lancers.)

Important: Major Augustus Saltern Willett was the Officer Commanding 17th Lancers at the time of his death - due to 'cholera' - at Balaklava, Crimea, only 2 days prior to the famous 'Charge of the Light Brigade'

Naming: The medal is officially engraved named by 'Hunt & Roskell' style

Note: Medal and clasp verified per the respective campaign medal roll of 17th Lancers (ref WO 100/24). The recipient was additionally entitled to a second clasp 'Sebastopol', however, the medal roll is annotated to show that the medal with single clasp 'Alma' had already been 'Sent to Rep' (presumably a reference to the medal having been sent to the recipients legal representative, or nominated next of kin). Whether the representative or next of kin of Major Willet ever subsequently received a loose 'Sebastopol' clasp is not known - the medal here offered being exactly as issued with a single 'unpierced' clasp

Provenance: B.A. Seaby, March, 1978 (ref item Z3C13)

Reference 'Record of Old Westminsters' (1927, Volume 2), the below following biographical entry was taken:

Quote ,

Willett, Augustus Saltren, eldest son of John Saltren Willett, of Torrington, Devon, by Elizabeth Percy, daughter of George White, of Newington House, co. Oxon.; b, Oct, 25. 1817; adm. Jan. 26, 1830; left Whitsuntide 1832; R.M.C. Sandhurst; Cornet 17th Lancers Dec. 9, 1836; Lieut. Dec. 31, 1836; Capt. Jun. 11, 1842; Major. May. 28, 1852; served in the Crimea; d. unm, at Balaclava, of cholera, Oct. 22, 1854; Memorial Column


Reportedly a strict disciplinarian, Major Willett, frequently awarded the 'lash' to regimental defaulters. Major Willett was inspecting the outlying picquets the evening before his death, and was subsequently buried within hours of his death. Contemporary accounts mention he was buried in his cavalry cape - ironically an item of uniform that he - together with Lord Cardigan - considered a most unbecoming item of uniform

A cousin of Major Willett - Cornet Archibald Clevland, of Tapeley Park, Instow, Devon, was also in the 17th Lancers, at the time that his cousin was the Officer Commanding. Cornet Clevland had the distinction of subsequently riding unwounded through the 'Charge of the Light Brigade' at Balaklava, but was less then a month later was mortally wounded at the battle of Inkerman, on, 5 November 1854, and who died the following day

A scarce seen Light Brigade officer's medal

Condition: GVF

Code: 20940


Crimea Medal 1854-56. With 4 x clasps 'Alma' 'Balaklava' 'Inkerman' & 'Sebastopol' (Dvr Marshall. Regnall. R.H.A.)

Crimea Medal 1854-56. With 4 x clasps 'Alma' 'Balaklava' 'Inkerman' & 'Sebastopol' (Dvr Marshall. Regnall. R.H.A.)

Naming: The naming is officially engraved in serifed capitals by Hunt & Roskell

Clasps: Mounted in correct order of precedence, and all rivets are official expect for one unofficial rivet on the second clasp

Note: Medal & all 4 x clasps clasp verified as entitled per the respective campaign medal roll of 'I' Troop, Royal Horse Artillery (ref WO 100/24), wherein the recipient is correctly shown as No 1790 Driver Marshall Rignall (medal named Regnall sic)

Driver Marshall Rignall saw extensive action in ‘I’ Troop, R.H.A. in the Crimea, including the ‘affair of the Boulganac’, the Alma and Inkermann, but it was at Balaklava on 25 October 1854, as part of Lucan’s Cavalry Division, that he was most heavily engaged. Jocelyn’s History of the Royal Artillery (Crimean Period), referring to 'i' Troop R.H.A. at Balaklava states, it ‘lost many horses and the gun carriages were abundantly marked by bullets ...and a gunner and more than a third of the gun teams horses had been killed, before ‘I’ Troop, with the Greys as escort, descended from the position that had occupied in action.’

As it transpired, ‘I’ Troop returned to the scene of battle in time to witness the charge of the Light Brigade. Luckily, Raglan’s order for the Troop to accompany the Light Brigade ‘rapidly to the front’ was never received, although it did follow the doomed cavalrymen until, as Jocelyn puts it, ‘it became momentarily more and more apparent as the Troop trotted steadily forward that, before it could render any efficient service, the Russian fire would entirely cripple it ... the word was given to go about, and it retired to a position not far from the Heavy Brigade

Marshall Andrew Rignall, son of James Rignall & Mary Rignall (nee Bullman) was a native of, Ely Cambridgeshire, England, where he was born circa 1834. Marshall, by trade a 'Labourer', declared that he was 18 years & 9 months of age when on 17 January 1853, he enlisted into the Brtish Army, at, Woolwich, Kent, and was posted to the Royal Regiment of Artillery, and service with the Royal Horse Artillery. By the time he took his final discharge form the British Army, on 14 October 1856 - due to 'unfitness for further service' - Marshall had served a total of 3 years & 271. During his service in the British Army, Marshall held the rank of 'Driver', and had served 1 year & 6 months overseas during the Crimean War, where he had served with 'I' Troop Royal Horse Artillery. For his services in the Crimea, Marhsall Rignall was awarded he Crimea with 4 clasps, and the Tyrkish Crimea Medal. On the evening of 7 July 1856, while returning with horses at night from Aldershot, Driver Rignall and his horses met with an accident when they fell into a 'Sandpit' near Blackheath, at which time Marshall suffered a serious injury, that ultimately rendered him, unfit for service. At the time of taking his discharge from the British Army, his conduct was described as having been 'Good' and that he had been twice entered in the Regimental Deafaulters' book

By the time of the 1861 National Census for England & Wales, Marshall is recorded as employed on the Staff of a 'Workhouse' located at Sudbury, Suffolk, England, where he held the appointment of 'Porter'. While employed at the 'Workhouse', Marshall, became a 'Whistleblower' when he reported 'Officers' of the Workhouse, the the 'Guardians', with reports of improper abusive (sexual) misconduct by senior staff - not least by the 'Schoolmaster' - who quit his job immediately the claims became known. The abuses at the Workhouse, as reported by Marshall Rignall, became the subject of local scandal and investigation, and were at great length, reported in the local newspapers, reference 'Essex Standard' issue of, 24 December 1862. Marshall, himself claims of abuse levelled at him. Coincidentally the girl cited in the claim made against Marshall Rignall, was the very same woman, Elizabeth Hale, that he subsequently, at St Pancras Parish Church, St Pancras, London, Middlesex on 28 May 1865. Marshall Rignall is recorded as having died at on 1890. Shortly after his death, notices were published in several newspapers, with appeals seeking to raise funds for the widow and family of the dead 'Crimea Veteran'.

Quote (The People, issue, of 16 November 1890),


An appeal is issued by Mr Henry Dann, of Brixton, on behalf of the widow and three children of the late, Marshall Rignall, of 163, Kennington-road. Rignall served in the Royal Horse Artillery under Colonel Maude throughout the whole of the Crimean campaign. He was present at Alma, Balaclava, and Inkerman, and was still in active service when the fall of Sebastopol virtually closed the war. But while preserved from the bullets and bayonets of the enemy, he was twice prostrated by sunstroke, which, with the privations and rigours of the climate, so undermined his constitution that he was discharged as unfit for service, with the reward of a good character, two medals, and four clasps, and sixpence per day pension for one year. Upon returning to this country he found employment at the stores of the Indian Government in the Belvedere-road, Lambeth; but there he met with an accident which injured his spine and precluded him from active employment. It has been suggested that an annuity should be purchased for the widow, and the Hon. and Rev. Canon Pelham, rector of Lambeth, and the Rev. J. H. Walthew, vicar of St, Philips, Kennington-road, have consented to receive donations


‘I’ Troop Royal Horse Artillery was present throughout the campaign in the Crimea, attached to the Cavalry division. At the engagement at Bulganak, the very first land engagement involving the British Army during the Crimean War, 'I' Troop had the distinction of firing the opening guns of the campaign. Together with ‘C’ Troop, they were the only Horse Artillery to qualify for all four clasps, to the Crimea Medal, and and were detailed by Lord Raglan to support the Light Brigade at Balaklava, where during the Battle of Balaklava, 'I'Troop took casualties early in the day in support of the 'Charge of the Heavy Brigade', and later on the same day criss-crossed the ground of battle to the rear of the 'Light Brigade', but were never able to bring their guns into action

The recipients service papers are extant and are held & accessible at The National Archives

A very good Crimean War medal to a veteran 'Horse Artilleryman' whose unit uniquely rode in support of both the Heavy Brigade and the Light Brigade at 'Balaklava'

Condition: GF

Code: 20939

1100.00 GBP

Crimea Medal 1854-56. With 4 x clasps 'Alma' 'Balaklava' 'Inkerman' & 'Sebastopol' (P. Wilson. XIth. P.A.O. Hussars)

Crimea Medal 1854-56. With 4 x clasps 'Alma' 'Balaklava' 'Inkerman' & 'Sebastopol' (P. Wilson. XIth. P.A.O. Hussars)

Naming: The naming is impressed in a contemporary regimental /depot style, of which several variant format styles known are known to this particular regiment, some of which include the recipients regimental number, others 'sans' the P.A.O. abbreviation

Clasps: Mounted in the correct order of precedence. First clasp face sprung on one side. The top clasp only (often issued separately) with unofficial rivets, the lower clasps fitted with their original rivets.

Note: Medal & all 4 x clasps clasp verified as entitled per the respective campaign medal roll of 11th Prince Albert's Own Hussars, a.k.a. 'The Cherry-pickers' (ref WO 100/24), wherein the recipient is recorded as No 1379 Private P. Wilson, 11th Hussars

No service papers, or pension records appear to be extant for Peter Wilson (or Willson) at The National Archives, however details of the recipient and his services are contained in the book 'In Search of the Light Brigade' (Lawrence W. Crider, 2011), which is an assiduously researched work based on a study of the contemporary muster rolls and other primary sources of the period. Peter Wilson (or Willson) first entered service with the 11th Hussars in April 1848. He appears in the musters of the regiment throughout the Crimean War period, showing that he was a Troop 'Cook', with the service company's. He is reported to have died at 'Kensington' (London?) on 17 May 1858

Important: There is no single definitive list of confirmed 'Chargers of the Light Brigade'. Nominal lists of 'Known Chargers' have been published based on, casualty returns, witness narrative accounts, those decorated for gallantry, those 'wounded', and other secondary published accounts from national newspapers, pension funds, commemorative dinners, diaries, unpublished manuscripts etc. While there is no evidence to support that Private P. Wilson - a Troop Cook - was a 'Charger', it should be remembered that at least one celebrated 'Butcher' who was not supposed to ride in the charge, did on his own will, ride in the charge, and was decorated for his gallantry with the Distinguished Conduct Medal, viz, Private John ‘Butcher Jack’ Fahey, 17th Lancers, arguably the most colourful character who rode in the charge of the Light Brigade at Balaklava. Whether Private Peter Wilson was a charger, or possible charger, or was just a witness to 'The Charge of the Light Brigade' what is is certain beyond any doubt is that Private Wilson was entitled to and was present at all the major battles - including 'Balaklava' - that adorn this hard earned campaign medal for service during the Crimean War

A desirable 'Light Brigade' Crimean War Medal to a Troop Cook of 11th Hussars

Some minor rippling to rim edge basis the hand tooled impressing done by the regimental armourer, and fairly typical for regimental or depot impressed medals

Condition: VF

Code: 20938

1175.00 GBP

India General Service Medal 1895-1902. Victoria issue. Silver, with clasp 'Relief of Chitral 1895' (Jemdr Dhan Sing Gurung, 2d Bn 4th Gurkhas)

India General Service Medal 1895-1902. Victoria issue. Silver, with clasp 'Relief of Chitral 1895' (Jemdr Dhan Sing Gurung, 2d Bn 4th Gurkhas)

Note: The only Gurkha Rifles regiment to deploy as a unit & qualify for the clasp 'Relief of Chitral 1895' was 2nd Battalion 4th Gurkha Rifles

The recipient was a native of Nepal, of Gurkha ethnicity from the region of Western Nepal, who held the Viceroy's Commissioned Officer appointment of 'Jemadar' while serving with the 2nd Battalion 4th Gurkha Rifles

Jemadar Dhan Sing Gurung is recorded as continuing to have served with 2nd Battalion 4th Gurkha Rifles, into 1896, as the Indian Army List for April 1896, has him included as one of the eight 'Native Officers' holding the rank of Jemadar while serving with 2/4 GR. He appears to have taken his discharge from the Indian Army, sometime, Dhan Sing Gurung had originally enlisted in 1st Battalion 4th Gurkha Rifles on 30 December 1874. He transferred to the 2nd Battalion 4th Gurkha Rifles, when this latter battalion was first raised in 1886, He was subsequently commissioned a Gurkha Officer, holding the appointment of 'Jemadar' from 6 November 1891. Dhan Sing Gurung, had taken his final discharge from the Indian Army, sometime after, 1 April 1896 and before 1 January 1897, as he is not included in the regimental lists of 'serving' 4 GR officers published in the Indian Army List of January 1896, albeit this latter Indian Army List does include a final summary of his 'War Services', which are summarising with notes below;

- Afghanistan 1878-80: Medal with 3 clasps & Kabul to Kandahar Star
- Mari Expedition: 1880 (no medal issued)
- South East Frontier of India: Chin-Lushai 1889-90. IGS 1854 medal & clasp 'China Lushai 1889-90'
- North West Frontier of India: Chitral 1895. IGS 1895 medal with clasp 'Relief of Chitral 1895'

The 2nd Battalion, 4th Gurkha Rifles (2/4 GR), was raised at Bakloh, in 1886. Bakloh, a hill station located in the Chamba region of Himachal Pradesh, India, which was home, regimental centre and depot of the 4th Gurkha Rifles for 82 years between 1866 to 1948

The medal suspended from a good length of original & now stitched silk riband

A scarce seen medal clasp issue to the Gurkha Rifles, and more desirable to such a veteran campaigner & Gurkha Officer

Condition: Toned GVF

Code: 20937


East and Central Africa Medal 1897-1899. Bronze issue

East and Central Africa Medal 1897-1899. Bronze issue

An un-named un-mounted bronze issue specimen medal. As struck by the Royal Mint

Note: Bronze medals with or without clasps (the 4 x clasps sanctioned for award with the medal where eligible were; Uganda 1897-98, Lubwa's, 1898 & Uganda 1899) were issued to native non-combatant attested followers, of which only a small number of bronze medals were issued, and of which extremely few are known to have survived in the collectors market


Condition: GVF

Code: 20936


Queen's South Africa Medal 1899-1902. Silver issue with clasp 'Cape Colony' (4597 Pte J Sinclair 2:R.Highrs)

Queen's South Africa Medal 1899-1902. Silver issue with clasp 'Cape Colony' (4597 Pte J Sinclair 2:R.Highrs)

Black Day for the Black Watch - Magersfontein: The single clasp 'Cape Colony' QSA medal issue was awarded to 2nd Battalion Black Watch who served in Cape Colony, South Africa, 1899-1900, including all veterans of the bloody battle of Magersfontein - and who did not serve in South Africa, after 1900

After having disembarked at Cape Town, Cape Colony on 13 November 1899, 2/Black Watch were brigaded with the 1st Highland Light Infantry, 2nd Seaforth Highlanders, and 1st Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders, to form the 3rd or 'Highland Brigade' under command of Major General Wauchope - a Black Watch officer

For 2/Black Watch their baptism of fire during the South African War took place less than a month after they had landed in the Cape. On 11 December 1899, 2/Black Watch, led the advance of the Highland Brigade at Magersfontein - with Major General Wauchope being shot dead in the opening volleys of well aimed mauser rifle shot that pured into the advancing Highlanders - the highlanders attack being stalled and ultimately repelled by the Boers

The British loses at Magersfontein are estimated to have been 22 x officers and 188 x other ranks killed; 46 x officers and 629 x other ranks wounded, and 1 x officer and 62 x other ranks missing. Of this, the Highland Brigade suffered losses of 747 x all-ranks killed, wounded, and missing. Among the individual battalions, 2/Black Watch suffered the most severely, with losses, killed, wounded & missing, being an estimated 303 x all-ranks

Important: Medal and clasp verified per the respective campaign medal roll of the 2nd Battalion Royal Highlanders (Black Watch) that was compiled and signed 'In-the-Field' at, Ladybrand, South Africa on, 9 September 1901 (ref WO 100/190)

James Sinclair, a Scot, was the son of Angus Sinclair (a native of Latheron, Caithness, Scotland & serving soldier of the 93rd Highlanders, who held the Crimea Medals, Indian Mutiny Medal & Military Long Service & Good Conduct Medal)) & Christina Sinclair (nee Parks) was born at Aldershot, Hampshire, England, on,18 September 1873. By trade a 'Labourer', John was 18 years of age when he enlisted for the British Army at, the Regimental Depot of the Royal Highlanders, at, Perth, Scotland, on, 2 September 1891. At the time of his attestation, James cited prior service with the 3rd (Militia) Battalion of the Royal Highlanders. His terms of engagement were 7 years 'With the Colours' and 5 years in the Reserve. At the time of his enlistment, James nominated his widowed mother, Christina Sinclair, as his 'Next of Kin', at which time she was residing at, 34 Taylor Wynd, Dundee, Scotland. James served his entire military service with the 2nd Battalion Royal Highlanders (Black Watch), including garrison deployment in Ireland. On the expiration of his 'Army Service' James transferred to the Army Reserve on 2 September 1898, and a returned to civilian life. Per special Army Order of 7 September 1899, John was mobilized & recalled from the Army Reserve, being posted back to his former battalion, 2/BW, on 9 September 1899. Less then 6 weeks later, James embarked overseas for the South African War with 2/Black Watch, where the 'Red Hackles' disembarked at Capetown on 13 November 1899. James Sinclair, served in South Africa through to, 15 September 1900, and on 16 September embarked for his return to the United Kingdom. James Sinclair took his final discharge from the British Army on, 1 September 1903, by which time he had served a total of 12 years 'With the Colours' and the 'Army Reserve'

Sold together with hard copy extract page from the respective medal roll

The recipients service papers are extant and accessible at The National Archives

A most desirable 'Highland Brigade' & Black Watch medal

Condition: Toned GVF

Code: 20935


Queen's South Africa Medal 1899-1902. Silver issue with 2 x clasps 'Cape Colony' & 'South Africa 1902' (6030 S. Serjt: Maj: P. F. Felgate. A.S.C.)

Queen's South Africa Medal 1899-1902. Silver issue with 2 x clasps 'Cape Colony' & 'South Africa 1902' (6030 S. Serjt: Maj: P. F. Felgate. A.S.C.)

Note: Recipient was 1st Class Staff Sergeant Maor, Percy Frederick Felgate, Army Service Corps, late Scottish Rifles

Important: Medal and both clasps verified per the recipients extant service records held & accessible at The National Archives. In addition to the QSA medal, the recipient was also awarded / entitled t below folloing medals:

- Egypt & Soudan Medal & 'Suakin 1885' (ref WO 100/67)
- Khedives Egyptian Star 1884-85 (service papers refer)
- Military LS&GC Medal (ref Army Order No 10 of 1903)

Percy Frederick Felgate, son of Heber Robert Felgate (Drapers Assistant) & Eliza Maria Felgate (nee Mayhew), was a native of Stowmarket, Norfolk, England, where he was born, on, 25 September 1865. By trade a 'Clerk', Percy was 18 years of age when he enlisted for the British Army at, London, England, on, 25 September 1883 September 1891. At the time of his attestation, Percy was posted to the Scottish Rifles, infantry regiment - as he was under the height required for the Commissariat Corps - subsequently transferring to the Commissariat Corps on 31 January 1885. While on garrison duty in Ireland, Percy Felgate married Janet Henrietta Gabriel, at Cork, Ireland, on, 25 February 1889, the couple subsequently being blessed with 3 x children comprising a daughter, Lillian Elizabeth Gabrielle Felgate, born in Cork 1892, and 2 x sons, Albert Frank Felgate & Sydney Heber Felgate, both born in Malta, Sydney sadly dying there in 1896. At the time that he took his final discharge from the British Army on, 1 November 1911, 1st Class Staff Sergeant Major Felgate, Army Service Corps, had served a total of 23 years and 38 days service, during which time he had racked up an impressive record of overseas service postings (service in Ireland was considered 'Home Service & is not included) listed below:

- Egypt: 01/04/1885 - 03/08/1885 (Campaign Service)
- Malta: 29/09/1993 - 21/03/1897
- Crete: 22/03/1897 - 11/01/1898 (Occupation of Crete)
- Malta: 12/01/1898 - 14/05/1898
- South Africa: 03/05/1902 - 26/05/1902 (Campaign Service)
- St Helena: 27/05/1902 - 28/01/1908

By the time of the 1911 National Census for England & Wales, Percy, was a widower (his wife died in 1910) and described as an 'Army Pensioner', living with his daughter and surving son, at their residence located at, 84 Riley Road, Brighton, England. Percy Frederick Felgate, is recorded as having died at, Steyning, Sussex, England, sometime during the second quarter of 1920

A scarce seen senior Warrant Officer's appointment on the QSA medal

Condition: About GVF

Code: 20934

130.00 GBP

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